Correction Symbols OneNotes from your teacher
When your teacher returns a writing assignment to you, you will probably see some of the correction symbols listed below on it. Before you rewrite your paper, you need to know what these symbols mean.
You need to find each symbol that your teacher has written on your paper in the list below. Then you need to read the information that follows the symbol. If there is something you don’t understand after you have done this, ask for help from your tutor, your English-speaking friend, or your teacher.
This page (Correction Symbols One) contains the symbols that do not begin with a letter. Those which begin with a letter are on another page (Correction Symbols Two).
If you print this page, a few of the correction symbols may not print correctly. You should compare the printed copy with what you see on your computer screen.
Example sentences which are not correct are preceded by an asterisk (*).
Number: In most academic but non-technical writing, words are used for numbers that can be expressed in one or two words (for example, twenty-five), but numerals are used for other numbers (for example, 17,213,458).
One Word: These “words” should be written as one word.
Two Words: This “word” should be written as two words.
Paragraph: You should begin a new paragraph here. See The Paragraph. A paragraph is a group of related sentences. Here are two basic rules about the appearance of a paragraph: ¶1 The first line of every paragraph should be indented about one inch (or five spaces). ¶2 When a sentence ends in the middle of a line, the next sentence should begin on the same line. Leave empty space at the end of a line only when the next sentence begins a new paragraph.
Paragraph/Quotation: When writing quoted speech, begin a new paragraph each time the speaker changes.
Paragraph Unity: Every sentence in a paragraph should be related to one main idea. In academic writing, the main idea is usually expressed in a topic sentence (main idea sentence). Sometimes, the main idea is implied but not actually stated in a topic sentence. See The Paragraph. ¶u1 This paragraph needs a topic sentence. A topic sentence is usually placed at or near the beginning of the paragraph. ¶u2 This paragraph contains information that is not related to the main idea. Information that is not related to the main idea should be deleted or placed in a different paragraph.
Omission: Something is missing here. You need to add the missing word(s).
Correct but Unnecessary: Words in parentheses are correct but are not necessary. You should delete them unless you have a good reason (for example, emphasis) for including them.
Parallelism: Use parallel structures (similar grammatical forms: words, phrases, clauses, sentences) to express similar ideas. Use parallel structures on both sides of a coordinating conjunction (and, or, but,… ). Also see Coordinating Conjunction below, Coherence below, and Parallel Structures.
* He loves eating tasty food, to watch movies, and he loves to ride his bicycle.
He loves eating tasty food, watching movies, and riding his bicycle.
He loves to eat tasty food, watch movies, and ride his bicycle.
He loves eating tasty food, he loves watching movies, and he loves riding his bicycle.
See Correction Symbols Two for the symbols which begin with letters.