P.E.28G The Red Cross swimming teacher certification class, Water Safety Instructor (WSI) was offered at De Anza College winter quarter 2012, and the notes for that class are at this webpage. They will be updated the next time I teach P.E. 28 G at De Anza.
The De Anza description of this four unit class is:
A course for Red Cross certification of swimming and diving instructors. Emphasis on the biomechanics of strokes, teaching progressions, and feedback techniques. Includes the American Red Cross Fundamentals of Instructor Training Certification.
The program was developed with the latest techniques and biomechanics from USA Swimming and USA Diving.
Besides learning to teach basic swimming skills, starts, turns and diving, there are special sections on support techniques for infants and children, parent and child aquatics, pre-school aquatics, learning and development, class planning and class organization.
Customizing the program includes customizing for disabilities and for adults as well as children.
You will learn how to integrate fitness components and with games and water activities.
Water safety and drowning prevention skills are built into all swim levels as a major focus of learning and you will become certified to teach Safety Training for Swim Coaches and Basic Water Rescue courses.
At De Anza we have the time to work on some small craft safety as well, for students who might teach at a summer camp.
Students make written lesson plans and teach the lessons to other students in the class. We won't start doing lessons until a few weeks into the quarter when we have gone through the how-to-teach materials.
When and Where:
PE 28G meets on Sundays January 15 to March 25, 2012, 10 a.m. to 12:50 and 1:30 to 4:20.
The first Sunday we meet at S75 at De Anza. To find the classroom go to:
http://www.deanza.fhda.edu/map/s_quad.html Look for the S7 building and then find S75. The door to the classroom faces the freeway. We don't intend to be in the water the first class, but it is always a good idea to bring your swim gear to every class session in case plans change.
The second Sunday we will be in the water. The De Anza pool will be closed for repairs winter quarter so the PE 28G class will meet at the Foothill College pool (ten minutes north of De Anza off Highway 280 and El Monte Road). Find the Foothill pool in the tan section on the right hand side of the map at: http://www.foothill.edu/news/maps.php You can click on the map to enlarge it. Please note that the main road on the Foothill campus is one way.
(Your long term De Anza parking permit is valid at Foothill and vice-versa. Buying a quarter or year long permit can be a good investment, since daily parking permits go up to $3 starting winter quarter.)
The De Anza catalog lists a prerequisite of P.E. 26C. You do not actually have to have taken the De Anza 26C class, you just need the swimming skill of an intermediate swimmer.
The Red Cross has the prerequisites listed below.
Be at least 16 years of age on or before the final scheduled session of this course.
Have successfully completed Fundamentals of Instructor Training. (This is included in the De Anza class.)
This course is not designed to teach you to swim. A moderate ability at swimming is required for Water Safety Instructor Candidates, but your swim strokes don't have to be swim team quality. (The Red Cross has six levels of swimming abilty, your strokes need to be at level four.)
Details of the Red Cross swim stroke level four performance standards for WSI candidates are at: WSI prerequisites. At that page you will see, for example, during the recovery for butterfly it is okay if your hands/arms/fingers touch the water. (The recovery is the part of the stroke when your arms are coming back into position to start a pull--the power phase--again.) Also, your pull does not have to go all the way back to your hips, it can finish at your waist. You can even have a little flutter kick occasionally with your dolphin kick. Some students joke when they finish the required 15 yard swim that they did not really swim butterfly, but instead struggled through more of a 'drowning moth'.
Your instructors, swim and water polo coach Danielle Von Matt and Mary Donahue (lifeguard training instructor and the webmaster for this website) do not expect all our students will have Red Cross style stroke mechanics when they join the class and there will be the opportunity for people to work to improve their strokes.
At the beginning of the quarter (the second weekend of class) each student will need to be able to perform Red Cross prerequisites numbers 2 and 3 described below.
Red Cross swimming skill prerequisite: Demonstrate the ability to perform the following swimming skills:
1. Swim the following strokes consistent with Stroke Performance Charts, Level four
Front crawl (also known as freestyle) - 25 yards (The big pool at De Anza is 25 yards wide.)
Back crawl (you might know back crawl as racing backstroke)- 25 yards
Breaststroke - 25 yards
Elementary backstroke - 25 yards
Sidestroke - 25 yards
Butterfly - 15 yards
2. Maintain position on back 1 minute in deep water (floating or sculling).
3. Tread water for one minute. You can use a breaststroke kick, scissors (sidestroke) kick or eggbeater, and if you want to show off, can tread without using your hands, but we will not accept a flutter kick for treading.
Eggbeater, the treading water kick used by water polo players, is not required for this class but it is useful to learn.
There is a tutorial on doing eggbeater at:
You do not have to know how to do a springboard dive, racing dive, or use a starting block, but you might learn some diving skills during the class.
There are no requirements for speed or the ability to swim a long distance.
All the required texts and the Water Safety Instructor CD-ROM will be for sale at the De Anza Bookstore, but some of the texts can be accessed for free:
You can download (for free, no secret code required) or print the
American Red Cross Swimming and Water Safety Manual at: http://editiondigital.net/publication/?i=55928
(This had no index, so I wrote one: Swimming and Water Safety 2009 index).
and the American Red Cross Water Safety Instructor's Manual at: http://editiondigital.net/publication/?i=59183
and the American Red Cross Water Safety Handbook at: http://editiondigital.net/publication/?i=55960
According to USA Swimming: "Prior to registering for the first year of coaching, a coach must have current acceptable safety certifications in the following courses: CPR, First Aid, and Safety Training for Swim Coaches." Water Safety Instructors can teach the Safety Training for Swim Coaches class. You do not need to own a copy of the following text unless you intend to teach the class, but should be a bit familiar with it:
Good teaching is one-fourth preparation and three-fourths theater.
Descriptions of what it takes to certify as a WSI and details about the lessons you will teach are
WSI certification requirements.
Holidays: we have no class on Sunday, Feb. 19 (President's Day weekend holiday) and have a possible optional class on Sunday, Jan. 29, because the college Outdoor Club is going to Yosemite. Snow Camp
We finish before 'finals week'. The final exam might be given the last Sunday of class, or the class session before that. PE 28G final exam
Many of these assignments ask you to read a webpage and write up what you found most interesting or important, or that you could use in a swim class. Often the easiest way to do an assignment is to run your mouse across some of the text at the webpage, copy it (click Ctrl C or Apple C on many computers) and paste it (click Ctrl V or Apple V) to a blank document on your computer. You can handwrite any assignment but it must be easily readable, so block printing is preferred and must be in letters at least as big as the type on this page.
The De Anza library has a lab where you can access computers: http://www.deanza.edu/library/librarywestcomputer.html and a few laptops for loan to students: http://www.deanza.fhda.edu/library/laptop.html
Please note: you are responsible for keeping a copy of each assignment in case the one you turn in is lost. If you save these on your computer you will have them for the lifeguard training class spring quarter.
I do not accept emailed assignments.
Homework due the second class session, January 22:
We meet at the Foothill pool. (See the link to the map near the top of this page.)
Write your name on/in your texts and the CD-ROM.
Bring to class proof that you will be at least 16 years old by the end of the course (driver's license, state ID card, passport, birth certificate or other government-issued photo identification).
read PE 28G course syllabus
read chapters 1-3 (pages 1-64) of the Swimming and Water Safety Manual. You will be doing many of the skills on pages 53-64 in class.
Read chapters 1, 4 and 10 of the Water Safety Instructor's manual.
In the lifeguard training manual, http://editiondigital.net/publication/?i=55885 read escapes, pages 68 and 70 and Two-person Removal from the Water using a Backboard pages 71-72. You can also read How to remove a victim from the pool
Click on this link: WSI class safety rules, read the page and BRIEFLY write up the four most important things you learned and be prepared to discuss them. This writing assignment only requires four sentences.
To avoid confusion in recording your homework put your name at the top of the page, and the title WSI class Safety Rules.
Click on this link: How to rescue a drowning victim using a reaching assist or a shepherd's crook read the page and write up three new things you learned from the page. (If you already knew everything at the page write up the three most important things.) This writing assignment only requires three sentences.
To avoid confusion in recording your homework put your name at the top of the page, and the title shepherd's crook.
Click on this link: swimming vocabulary read the page and write out/list three things to talk about to a very beginning swim class and three things for an advanced swim class as you take them on a brief tour of the pool. To avoid confusion in recording your homework put your name at the top of the page, and the title swimming vocabulary.
Your homework will include preparing lesson plans for your teaching assignments. Read details about lessons at: WSI certification requirements
Read Water Safety Instructor’s CD-ROM Contents and download it to your laptop along with the text, or print a copy of it.
Read: WSI prerequisites
To fill out the paper we gave you the first day of class (appendix E Swimming and Water Safety program Worksheet) you will need to at least flip through your texts. (Please note the answers you give do not need to be long!)
If you have the time you would get a great head start by reading more of Swimming and Water Safety. Chapter 6, for example, has the descriptions of the strokes. If you are uncertain as to whether you swim correctly, or if you need to learn or relearn any strokes, reading that chapter before our second class session would help you.
No homework due the third class session, January 29:
This optional class session meets at the Foothill pool at 10 a.m. for work on your strokes, and if you want, to learn to dive from the side of the pool and/or use a starting block.
Homework due the fourth class session, Feb. 5:
Read pages 65 - 138 in Swimming and Water Safety.
Read/complete some writing: Fundamentals of Instructor Training for winter WSI
Be ready to do the two minute lesson if you did not do it the second class session.
As we mentioned in class on Jan. 22, you will get so much more out of the rest of the classes if you have found the time to read all of your manuals and the contents of the CD Rom.
We should start assigning lesson topics. See: WSI lessons and projects
The rest of the homework assignments are being posted as I have the time. Specific dates for lessons will be added as we discover how far we get along each class session and when they will be taught.
Homework due the fifth class session, Feb. 12:
We meet at De Anza in S75. Those of you who have lessons that do not require a pool should have them prepared.
--- If you have not already done so, read pages 139 - 225 in Swimming and Water Safety.
--- If you have not already done so, read the contents of the CD ROM
---If you have not already done so, read chapters 2,3,5,6,7,8 and 9 in the Water Safety Instructors Manual
---read WSI class drills and choose one you would like to try in class and/or describe a different one you think is better than any of them, that we have not yet done in class, that you think the class should try
---Click on this link: Fifty ways to praise your swim students read the page and write out your five favorites. Can you think of, or do you already use any others? To avoid confusion in recording your homework put your name at the top of the page, and the title Fifty Ways.
--- Click on this link: History of swimming section, read it and write up four things from history
you could tell swim students about to motivate them, or just make
things more interesting. To avoid confusion in recording your homework put your name at the top of the page, and the title History of Swimming.
When I first time an advanced class on a 100 front crawl (freestyle) I tell them that the first Olympic men's swimming gold medal, in 1896, was won by Alfred Hajos of Hungary, in 1:22.2. It often turns out that some, if not many of my students can swim a 100 faster than that. After celebrating we discuss why.
(Advances in stroke mechanics, faster swim suits, wave eating lane lines, etc.)
When multi gold medal winner Michael Phelps first learned to swim at age 7 he swam only backstroke.
"I was afraid to put my head underwater." This can be a great thing for non-swimmers and beginners motivation.
---Many pools have closed their diving boards because the insurance company says they must. Read diving board and slide rules and write up the ten most important rules you find. Be prepared to defend your opinion in class.
---Click on this link: CPO and briefly write up three new things you learned. If you already knew it all, write up the most important things. This writing assignment only requires three sentences. To avoid confusion in recording your homework put your name at the top of the page, and the title CPO.
No homework due, no class, Feb. 19 as it is a holiday.
Homework due the sixth class session, Feb. 26:
We meet at the Foothill classroom and then will go to the pool. Have all your lessons plans completed and be ready to teach.
---Click on this link: Neighborhood Watch applied to swim centers and write up the three most important things you learned. This assignment only requires writing three sentences.
---read canoe over canoe rescue and write up the three most things you would share with your students
and write up:
On the average, what percentage of speech reading (reading lips) by deaf people is understood?
Writing notes is a common way to communicate with deaf people. What is one potential drawback mentioned at the page?
Write up the two best other practical suggestions for effective communication.
---read the info about the sign at the De Anza pool at: pool chemical signs
and briefly answer this question: What is the most important thing for lifeguards (and swim teachers) to know about chemicals from the perspective of the fire department? This writing assignment only requires one sentence.
---Click on this link:
http://www.cdc.gov/healthywater/swimming/rwi/illnesses/swimmers-ear-prevention-guidelines.html and briefly write up three new things you learned. If you already knew it all, write up the most important things. This writing assignment only requires three sentences.
---The homepage of the Silicon Valley Red Cross (your local chapter, Santa Clara County) is at:
go there and click on at least three links and briefly (three sentences is all that is needed), write up what you find.
Homework due the seventh class session, March 4:
We probably meet at the Foothill classroom and then will go to the pool. If the location changes we will email everyone as soon as we know. Again, have all your lessons plans completed and be ready to teach.
---At the Santa Clara County Public Heath Department website: (copy and paste this into your browser if it does not function as a link)
http://www.sccgov.org/SCC/docs/Environmental Health, Department of (DEP)/attachments/794601POOLCODE.pdf
(no, you don't have to read the whole thing) scroll through the pages and do this research:
1) find the section of the law that says whether dogs can be in a public pool or on the pool deck, and write what it says.
Big hint, scroll down to page 11, section 65533. Cleanliness of Pool.
2) find out how big the letters on a sign need to be that says: "Warning-No Lifeguard on Duty"
big hint, scroll down to page 12, section 65539. Lifesaving, First Aid and Control of Bathers.
3) How clear does water have to be in a wading pool? page 13, 65543. Wading Pool-Water Clarity.
4) How deep does water have to be under a three meter diving board? (see page 19, not 20)
5) How many people are allowed in a pool (not a spa) see page 27 3119B.1.2 Other Pools.
---Every swim instructor, (not just pool managers), should be familiar with the Centers for Disease Control(CDC) webpages.
Click on this link: http://www.cdc.gov/healthywater/swimming/faq
and answer these questions:
Can head lice spread in a swimming pool? How would a swimmer be likely to get head lice at a pool?
Are swim diapers effective in holding in feces?
How long does it take an appropriate level of free chlorine to kill E coli in a pool? Cryptosporidium? (Big hint, the answer is at the Chlorine Disinfection Timetable).
Then click on Aquatics staff in the right hand column, then on 12 Steps for Prevention of Recreational Water Illnesses, and answer these questions:
What is the optimum pH for a pool?
What is the best filtration system for a kiddie pool?
Is a written fecal accident response policy required?
List two rules from the webpage that could be on a poolside sign.
Homework due the eighth class session, March 11: (We will meet at Foothill.)
and write up the answers to these questions:
What percentage of child victims of drownings at home pools were last seen in the house?
What percent were trespassing on property where they didn't live or belong?
What percent of the swimming pool accident victims were missing for five minutes or less before they were found in the pool drowned or submerged?
How tall should a fence / pool barrier be? (number of inches)
What is the maximum mesh size for a chain link fence?
How quickly after a door from a house to the pool is opened should the alarm sound? (number of seconds)
from the Consumer Product Safety Commission and write up two brief descriptions of drowning hazards for small children in and around the home and the safety tips to prevent drownings
---look at http://www.access-board.gov/recreation/guides/pdfs/pools.pdf
and find the answers to these questions:
Name the choices for a primary means of entry and the secondary means of entry for disabled persons at a swimming pool.
A large pool, (over 300 linear feet of pool wall), must have how many accessible means of entry for disabled persons?
Optional reading: www.ada.gov/taxcred.htm has info about tax credits available for pools doing retrofitting.
---print and fill out the Water Safety Instructor Activity report you got in an email from me
Homework due the ninth class session, March 18:
There will be an outside group using the Foothill pool so we will meet at De Anza S75.
FOR YOUR FINAL EXAM(s): which you will take during the ninth class session.
--- Read How to pass a Red Cross written test and come to class prepared to discuss three new things you learned.
--- Read: Water Safety Instructor exam study guide
You must pass the Red Cross final written exam with a score of 80 percent or
higher (correctly answer at least 40 of 50 questions). The exam is not open book.
You will not need a scantron.
You will also take the De Anza final: PE 28G final exam
Homework due the last class session, March 25:
(As this is being written we expect to meet at Foothill.)
-- Take a look at: canoe over canoe rescue We will probably have time to try this during our last class.
---The info hot line for the Red Cross is 1-800-RED-CROS (1 800 733-2767)
You will turn in your course records to: firstname.lastname@example.org
Write that phone number and email address on the inside front cover of your instructor manual.
---The American Cancer Society has skin cancer prevention info at:
Read it and write up three new things you learned. If you already knew everything at that site, write up the three most important things mentioned.
To avoid confusion in recording your homework put your name at the top of the page, and the title skin cancer.
---Read body piercings and lifeguards:
http://www.aquaticsintl.com/2002/july_aug/0207_rm.html and write up three statistics from that page. This writing assignment only requires three brief sentences.
---USA Swimming has a nutrition article at:
read it and briefly write up three new things you learned. Yup, only three sentences are needed.
and briefly write up the three most important safety rules for your swim classes to know about. This assignment only requires writing only three sentences, one for each rule.
and briefly write up the three most important safety rules for your swim classes to know about. This assignment only requires writing only three sentences, one for each rule.
STOP THAT CRAMP!
4 causes -- and solutions -- for muscle cramps during exercise
1) read Americans with Disabilites Act Guide for Small Businesses http://www.ada.gov/smbusgd.pdf
and write up 200 words on the most important things you learned from it that you could use as a pool manager.
2) read http://www.chicagoredcross.org/pdf/adaresourceguide.pdf and write up 200 words on the most important things you learned from it that you could use as a pool manager.
It is a 103 page document, but most of it is links to resources. YOU DON'T HAVE TO READ
ALL 103 PAGES!
It starts with a review of basic principles of accommodating people with disabilities and Red
Cross procedures for classes. Eventually you might want to read the whole document, but for
now at least read:
section 1 on page 2 about the ADA
section 4 on page 3-4 teach to the standard and test to the objective
Chapter 2 pages 6 to 13 problem-solving approach to develop appropriate accommodations
Chapter 3 FAQs on pages 17-24 especially notice that a student in a CPR class who has a laryngectomy can
use a bag valve mask to ventilate a victim and could therefore be able to certify
To certify, a student must be able to get to the floor and check an unconscious victim,
place a face down victim into a face up position if needed and roll the victim into the recovery
position. This can not be done just using a manikin on a table. Once this has been done they can
practice CPR skills with a manikin on a table.
On page 23 open and closed captioning are explained.
Commonly asked questions about service animals are on page 36-7.
Hearing loss tips are on pages 39 - 40. Details about facility accessibility start on page 43. MS
starts on page 48, with sample accommodations on page 52.
ALL HOMEWORK AND EXTRA CREDIT are due on the last day of class!
Do I have to be a lifeguard to be a WSI?
No, but many places that hire WSIs require that they be lifeguards as well and you can take lifeguard training spring quarter at De Anza. Anyone with the swimming skills required for Water Safety Instructor should be able to pass the lifeguard prerequisite swim test. (And we practice the test in the lifeguard class before we give it officially.)
De Anza lifeguard training offers more certifications and a lower cost than any other local program, including:
Lifeguard Training and/or Shallow Water Attendant and/or Basic Water Rescue; First Aid; Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation for the Professional Rescuer; Automated External Defibrillation; Waterfront Lifeguard; Administering Emergency Oxygen; Epinephrine Auto Injector Administration and Bloodborne Pathogens: Preventing Disease Transmission. (Relax, we've got eleven weeks.)
P.E. 28A is the De Anza lifeguard training class. Lifeguard Training FAQs has a description of the prerequisite swim tests The last person to finish the prerequisite test Fall quarter 2004 was a 115 pound woman. She ended up with the highest "A" in the class and earned all seven certifications. People who are taking the class at De Anza to get a lifeguard certification will have time to practice the prerequisite test as we will mostly concentrate on first aid and CPR at the start of the quarter. The swim test will not be officially given until at least two weeks into the quarter.
How do I enroll at De Anza?
If you haven't ever been a De Anza student, or were here before, but not the most recent quarter, you must first apply to the college. If you have not been accepted as a De Anza student, you can't just show up the first day of class and be automatically added, so do the paperwork online beforehand when you won't have to stand in a line.
Registration steps are at: http://www.deanza.fhda.edu/admissions/
High school students in their junior and senior years have been able to take the class. Go to: http://www.deanza.fhda.edu/admissions/hschecklist.html
When filling out the "Special Admit, High School Enrichment Grades 11-12, permit to enroll" form, the Department and Number is PE 28G-01F, the course title is Water Safety Instructor and the number of units is 4.
This webpage might be of assistance in convincing a high school principal or counselor.
Two thirds of drowning victims are good swimmers. Why you should wear a lifejacket.
WSI class drills
The Navy Seal swim test, Naval Academy midshipmens test, a prerequisite for an "Escape from Alcatraz" 1-1/2 mile ocean swim and others are at: How can I tell if I'm a good swimmer?
Swim workout vocabulary includes links to workouts.
canoe over canoe rescue
Go to http://www.sccgov.org/portal/site/scc/ and search for Santa Clara County information for mandated reporters of child abuse
A summary of state laws about reporting child abuse is at: http://www.childwelfare.gov/systemwide/laws_policies/statutes/manda.cfm
Preventative lifeguarding has a list of unsafe practices or potential problems to watch for, various minor and major infractions and the disciplinary actions for various ages of pool patrons.
How to tell if the lifeguards are doing their job properly
Americans with Disabilites Act Guide for Small Businesses http://www.ada.gov/smbusgd.pdf
The new 2012 lifeguard manual is at: http://www.instructorscorner.org/media/resources/l/lg_part_manual_landing.html
The following is optional, not a homework assignment. Aquatics International is a magazine for aquatics professionals. It regularly has great articles about pool news and you can get a free subscription. Go to:
http://www.aquaticsintl.com/ and take a look. If you want a subscription, click on Subscribe near the top right. Where it asks, if you do not already teach at a pool, you might as well describe yourself as an aquatics professional since you are going to be one. It will also ask you to describe your facility, so describe a place you intend to work at.
Not really homework but we could try it in class:
How to blow giant bubble rings in a swimming pool
USA Swimming has a video on prevention of shoulder injuries in aquatics sports, with exercises you can try. Please do carefully follow the instructions and try the easier ones first.
More students qualify for financial aid than use it or even know they qualify. There are enrollment fee waivers you can apply for online. For all the details go to: http://www.deanza.fhda.edu/financialaid/index.html
You don't have to pay for all your classes/fees at once. De Anza has an installment payment plan that allows you to defer most of your payments. Go to: http://www.deanza.fhda.edu/registration/cashier/deferpay.html
De Anza College offers many scholarships, some of which have few applicants!
Check out the loot: http://www.deanza.edu/financialaid/scholarship.html
You can read the curriculum, (course outline or course content, usually designed by a division then reviewed and approved by the college) for any De Anza class at: http://ecms.deanza.edu/deptoutlinespublic.html
If you are in a profession that requires them (nursing, for example) Continuing Education Units (CEUs) are available after you certify.
Go to: http://www.redcrossstore.org/dp.aspx?pgid=547
LOST YOUR RED CROSS CARD(S)? If you have misplaced your American Red Cross certificate(s) and wish to receive a replacement, please contact the American Red Cross Training Service Center 1-800-733-2767 or email@example.com
Emergency managers warn us: "YOYO96...You're on your own for 96 hours. With preparation you can get through it... if you have thought through everything you can be prepared..."
earthquake home hazards survey
A link you can send to friends and family about Do it yourself earthquake preparedness: http://faculty.deanza.edu/donahuemary/stories/storyReader$4079
If this page did not answer all of your questions, when I am in town I usually check my email at least twice a day.