How to rescue a submerged victimAll rescue training with the American Red Cross (A.R.C.) is centered on the use of equipment to make rescues easier and safer for the guard and the victim.
From the lifeguard training manual: the rescue tube "is a 45- to 54- inch tube with an attached line and shoulder strap. The rescue tube - -
Helps you and the victim stay afloat.
Keeps the victim's mouth above water. This causes less anxiety and makes it easier for the victim to follow your directions.
Makes it easier to move the victim to safety.
Lessens the chance of the victim grabbing you during the rescue."
NOTE that this is not the method for any victim you suspect of having a spinal injury. Also NOTE that this webpage is not complete training in how to perform this task.
The rescue tube is quite bouyant. You can use its bouyancy to get even a heavy submerged victim to the surface. For example, imagine a pool patron had a heart attack or stroke and started to sink to the bottom of a pool. As you will practice many times in class, you were wearing the rescue tube strap over your shoulder as you guarded. You enter the pool and swim to the sinking victim. The bouyant tube stays at or near the surface and the line plays down as you swim down.
You will grab the victim under the victim's arm and across the victim's chest and hold firmly.
With your other arm, you reach for the now taut line coming down from the surface. You pull it down and pass the line to the hand holding around the victim. Immediately you feel the bouyancy of the tube pulling you and the victim up. You don't even have to kick.
Usually with only one more grab of the line you have the rescue tube in reach to position the tube so it is placed between your chest and the victim's back.
You are usually at the surface now and it requires only a little kicking as you lean back in the water to get the victim's body horizontal and begin to move them to the side of the pool.
This is sooooo much easier than the old methods of lifeguarding before rescue tubes!
Once you have the victim at the surface, the next step is at: How to remove a victim from the pool
P.E. 28A at De Anza College is the lifeguard training class. For information about it click on these links:
Lifeguard Training FAQs, has a description of the the prerequisite swim test. The last person to finish the prerequisite test Fall quarter 2004 was a 115 pound woman. She ended up with the highest "A" in the class and earned all seven certifications.
P.E. 28A student evaluation comments
These photos are of:
(left) A.R.C. lifeguard Donald Kainessie rescuing A.R.C. lifeguard (and lifeguard instructor) Duong Nguyen
(right) A.R.C. lifeguard and Water Safety Instructor (WSI is the Red Cross designation for certified swim instructor) Shahin Zonoobi rescuing A.R.C. lifeguard, WSI, and CPR/first aid instructor Tim Ryon.