The photos above (4th is a landstat image from NASA, a larger copy of which is at: NASA aerial photo of Teton Range, 1st, 3rd courtesy of NPS), 5th © E J Peiker http://www.ejphoto.com/grand_teton_page.htm used with permission, give you an idea of why the Tetons are so majestic and awe-inspiring. And why the word magnificent is used so much to describe them.
A 360 degree view of the range is at:
Sailboat photo below © E J Peiker http://www.ejphoto.com/grand_teton_page.htm
Note the size of a sailboat's sails (with sunset color) and Jeep on the road in relation to the peaks:
Unlike most mountain ranges, which have foothills, the 40 mile long, 7 to 9 mile wide Grand Tetons are fronted by vast expanses of land then the mountains abruptly rise 3,000 to more than 7,000 feet above the 6,500 to 6,800 feet elevation plain. They are rugged and craggy with some snow and over a dozen glaciers and perennial ice fields on top year 'round. There are eight peaks over 12,000 feet in elevation. The highest peaks are: Grand Teton (13,770 feet), Mount Owen (12,928 feet), Middle Teton (12,804 feet) and Mount Moran, at the center of the photo below, (12,605 or 12,594 feet, depending on the source).
For a close-to-home comparison, De Anza College sits at 274 feet elevation. Montebello Ridge above us is at 1,800 to 2,400 feet. Castle Rock Ridge above Saratoga runs at about 2,800 to 2,500 feet with Summit Rock and Castle Rock at 3,076 and 3,214 feet above sea level.
The edge of the Tetons are dotted with lakes: intimate-easy-to-swim-across-sized like average six to ten feet deep String Lake,
mid-sized lakes like Jenny Lake, (2 miles by 1 1/4 mile, 226 feet deep), or massive lakes like Jackson Lake, almost 14 miles long, 445 feet deep. Along the base of the range there are 7 moranial lakes. Among the peaks and canyons there are over 100 alpine and backcountry lakes and a dozen glaciers to keep some of them quite cold.
Below, a photo of a visitor center raised relief map. Jackson lake is the biggest one, with Jenny Lake and Leigh Lake to the upper left of it. At the bottom are Two Ocean and Emma Matilda lakes.
Almost all the lakes do not allow motorboats. Jet skis and submersibles are not allowed on/in any park waters. Underwater diving/ snorkling are allowed only in Jackson and Jenny lakes, within existing limitations on swimming. Limitations on swimming/wading include not within 150 feet of the downstream face of Jackson Lake dam, not within marinas, boat mooring areas or in the vicinity of the Jenny Lake ferry boat concession. Floating any river or stream within the park on an air mattress, float tube, inner tube or similar individual floatation device is prohibited. Windsurf boards are only allowed on Jackson lake and they and all other boats, canoes, kayaks must have a boat permit which you can obtain at any visitor center. (Always check current regulations as this website can't be kept completely up to date.)
The next De Anza Outdoor Club trip to Grand Teton National Park is planned for mid-August to September 3 (or 4 or 5) 2013.
Participants can stay for a shorter, longer or much longer trip. Often people go to Yellowstone National Park, just north of Grand Teton, as well. Some couples/groups have visited many states on the way to or from the trip.
Where you stay, (camp, cabin, or even a hotel suite)
how you get to the Tetons, (fly, drive by yourself or in a small or huge carpool)
meals, (cookout, restaurant)
etc. are up to individuals on the trip, but each of these is usually coordinated somewhat with most of the group staying at the same place and a few meals, or some years, most meals, taken as a small or large group at a restaurant or as a cookout.
Our plans include:
(people can join us for just one planned activity, or if they have the time, everything we do)
We will have three, four, or ... official kayaking or canoeing mornings/days suitable for beginners. If we can't transport the kayaks your trip fee will not cover rentals for that many days.
People usually do some or a lot of sightseeing and have meals (cookout or restaurant) together.
We know the best places to look for elk early in the morning and where a pair of bald eagles usually nest (and when we bring people to these locations we make certain they don't disturb the animals).
Stargazing is so much better than in the city and the Milky Way is in full view on the mostly uncloudy nights. Or we occasionally enjoy a full blast thunder/lightning storm.
We often get a wilderness permit for an optional kayaking overnight camp, usually limited to 12 people by the size of the permit and the number of kayaks we might be able to bring. If we can't transport the kayaks your trip fee will not be enough to cover this long of a rental.
Below, a photo of Jenny Lake, Leigh Lake and part of Jackson Lake. Our overnight wilderness campsite is usually on the left hand side of the lake in the middle, Leigh Lake.
(Looking at visitor stats for 2006 through 2010 we find that only slightly over 1% of the total recreation visits to the park involved back country camping.)
Many people on the trip work towards getting their park Young Naturalist or Junior Ranger certification and go to Ranger programs together.
We have previously taken a short excursion on a sailboat on Jackson Lake. If we do this year it will be subject to availability, date and time to be decided when we know who/when is going and what budget they have.
A previous trip participant wrote:
"Thank you for the entire Teton trip. I have never done so many activities in such a short amount of time in my life."
Even on a short trip you can expect to see moose, elk and bison, especially if you are out early. Fall trips have more chances to see animals than in the summer. The moose calves will be about 2 1/2 months old, the elk calves about 3 to 3 1/2 months old and the cows (mothers) will not be hiding them as much.
It will be elk mating season and the bulls will be bugling and gathering harems.
If you are lucky and spend enough time in the park you may see Bald Eagles, otters, beavers, grizzlies and see or at least hear coyotes and wolves. More details about flora and fauna are below.
The club has previously gone in September 2000, 2002, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012 and June 2003.
De Anza owns ten tandem (two-person) kayaks. These are not the kind of kayaks with spray skirts that your legs are stuck in, they are more like small canoes. The total number of people who can sign up for this trip and expect to kayak regularly is 20 unless we take turns or rent extra boats. The club owns three sit-on-top ocean kayaks so if someone were really brave and had a wetsuit, they might get by, but those of us on the trip in previous fall trips wouldn't try it.
Some could bring their own craft. (The club would like students who will bring their own craft to sign up with us and do proper Risk Management paperwork even though they are not using De Anza owned kayaks. There are how-to pictures at: loading a kayak on a car.)
If all goes as planned, the kayaks/paddles/lifejackets/drybags will be transported to the park. (2012 canoe or kayak rentals: one place quotes $248 a week, others say $48 to $82 for 24 hours, or as much as $15/17 an hour. If we kayak on and off for only a week we save $100 or more per boat.)
Our typical day
with an early morning kayak starts by getting up early enough to really see lots of animals. By the afternoon moose and elk are usually napping somewhere cool and hidden. Getting up early can be 5 a.m. or even earlier if we want to see the sunrise. We eat a little (juice, power bar, fruit), get coffee into people who can't function without it and try be on the road quickly, getting to
(There is a bigger copy of the winter shot at:
winter Grand Teton National Park)
Oxbow Bend and launching shortly after, often paddling into the mist. We spend so much time out watching ducks, birds and animals we usually miss the last of breakfast seatings at the fancy buffet at Jackson Lake Lodge (until 9:30) and end up eating at the Colter Bay Ranch House, or missing breakfast altogether. Then we finally get a shower and sometimes a nap to make up for lack of sleep the night before, or we start on mid-day activities.
If you want to go kayaking or canoeing with us on this trip you MUST read Grand Tetons kayaking. The page has lots of pictures of the animals we can expect to see.
it's Ranger walks, museums, hikes (we will skip the early morning kayaking on the day of the all day Cascade Canyon hike Cascade Canyon, Grand Teton National Park), other driving and/or kayak tours.
For your safety hiking, the Rangers warn "... Always carry bear spray and know how to use it... solo hiking and off trail hiking is not recommended, a considerable number of rescues involve solo parties that were unable to self rescue and remained alone in the wilderness, sometimes with life-threatening injuries, until rescuers could locate them."
We usually plan to bring trail snacks/picnic food rather than take the time to go to restaurants for lunch, but the burgers at the take-out window at Jackson Lake Lodge sometimes call to people.
Each year people have planned time to make a half day or longer caravan trip around the main park loop road for general sightseeing. Pictures and info about visitor centers, Cunningham Cabin, Menor's Ferry, Chapel of the Transfiguration, Cascade Canyon, Signal Mountain summit road, Colter Bay Indian Arts Museum, and Morman Row are at: Grand Tetons sightseeing The page has a link to details about Cascade Canyon, our intended all day hike, the date of which will be chosen when we know who is coming and when.
Parts of previous groups have gone bike riding, driven a four-wheel drive road (one of which we named "we're gonna bottom out road"), whitewater rafting or horseback riding, (2011 trail rides $37/55 for one hour, $55/75 for two hours, $80 half day) but these are not official college events. There's a nearby stable (at Jackson Lake Lodge, the stable at Colter Bay closes before we get there on our fall trips) with various lengths of guided horseback trail rides. Some people try a commercial river float trip.
On the 2011/2012 trips there were enough people who wanted to go rafting that they reserved their own raft from a guide company and did not have to share with strangers. See also: Grand Tetons whitewater rafting. (2011 approx. $65 to $95, more with a meal included.)
Experienced surfers could bring their surfboard, there are sections of the Snake River (from West Table to Sheep Gulch, especially Taco Hole and Lunch Counter) you can surf in place on a rapid for as long as your legs hold out (or until a raft needs to go through or someone else wants to take a turn). Some really are only for experienced surfers, as the wash out below the rapids can be serious rapids as well. You know without asking this is not a college-sponsored event.
In 2010 some of the group went to an outdoor concert with Willie Nelson.
the climbing gym in town can be a tempting place to spend a rainy day.
Grand Tetons biking has rules, advice and suggested routes in and out of the park for mountain and road bikes.
It includes warnings and statistics about cyclist (or trail runners) encounters with grizzly bears.
Get your fishing license at the Wyoming State Information Center as you drive through Jackson Hole, Wyoming on the way to the park.
We sometimes end the day with a dinner picnic at a pond we know of to watch a beaver family that comes out in the evening, or a fancy or simple restaurant dinner, or burgers or cook-out at the picnic area at the beach down the road from the cabins most of us stay at, or a sunset dinner at Lunch Tree Hill or ...
Most meals on these trips have been picnic or cookouts, but on each trip most people have eaten out at least a breakfast and a dinner. Restaurants in Grand Teton National Park are non-smoking, most others in Wyoming and Montana allow
smoking. There are dozens of restaurants in the town of Jackson. They vary from burgers, Chinese, Mexican, sushi, pasta, Italian, steakhouse to four-stars with "an award-winning wine list". Most lean towards family or casual atmosphere. The drive from Colter Bay to the edge of Jackson is about 42 miles. A climbing school warns its customers:
"It is very important that you arrive on time, so please allow enough time for travel from wherever you are staying. Speed limits in the Park are low to protect wildlife and visitors, and rangers ticket offenders regularly. We want your entire experience here to be positive, so please do not speed."
See: Grand Tetons restaurants
The photo below shows only part of Jackson Lake. The main Jackson Lake Lodge building is the tan rectangle at the top of the section of forest at the bottom of the picture, with the hotel cottages, parking lots and swimming pools below it. Lunch Tree Hill rises to the right just above the forested area. We've watched most sunsets (occasionally with thunderstorms and rainbows) from Lunch Tree Hill.
When we have sunset dinners there we've had the top of Lunch Tree Hill almost to ourselves, most of the tourists being crowded on the back deck of the lodge. Pilgrim Creek, Third Creek and Second Creek flow through the broad expanse of Willow Flats, (the center third of the photo) an extensive freshwater marsh with streams dammed by beavers. (The flats are a major elk caving ground, closed to people from mid May to Mid July.) We've always seen elk and moose with our binoculars and telephotos. Mount Moran is the peak to the right. It's not the highest peak, it just looks like it in this picture. Colter Bay, where most of us have stayed previously on this trip, is just out of the photo to the right.
Photographers should remember that the maximum intensity of sunset colors is often a while after the sun sets, so bring warm clothes/rain gear and stick around even if the weather is interesting. (We have never had a mediocre sunset, and no, these photos were not touched up, the colors really were that brilliant.)
NPS photo below of a fiery Teton sunset on Jackson Lake by Jackie Skaggs, who said the 1976 sunset lasted almost 30 minutes at this intensity.
For the 2013 trip (mountain daylight time) civil twilight will begin at about 6:08 to 6:19 each morning, with sunrise from 6:38 to 6:48. Sunset will be between 8:11 and 7:56. Moonrise and set is different each day. Photographers should note there will be a sliver of moon (7%) Sept. 2, (3%) Sept. 3 and (1%) Sept.4.
Stargazing is much better than at home. As Jack Turner said in The Abstract Wild,
"At night the stars shine like crystal rivets in the blue-black sky".
photo above by Enrique Aguirre used with his permission. http://www.enriqueaguirre.com
More potential activities:
Yellowstone National Park, with Old Faithful Geyser, is just north of Grand Teton National Park.
Since your trip can start and end when people traveling together mutually want it to, you could add in an overnight visit in Yellowstone. Info about the hotels and cabins in Yellowstone is at:
http://www.ynp-lodges.com/ Campgrounds usually do not all fill during the fall season.
Most previous trip members have at least done a one or two day sightseeing drive into Yellowstone. The south border of Yellowstone is only 8 miles from the north border of Grand Teton. It's 56 miles from Colter Bay to Old Faithful. (Old Faithful erupts on the average every hour and a half, for 1 1/2 to 5 minutes, with an average height of 130 feet. Our favorite memory of an Old Faithfil eruption was at night with light from a full moon and lightning from a thunderstorm in the background.)
I put lots of links to Yellowstone info at Yellowstone, including a link to a mini-video of an elk redoing the paint job on a Cadillac that you should watch.
In summer many Grand Teton elk migrate into Yellowstone, the biggest free-ranging herds of bison are in Yellowstone and the most wolves.
(In 2004, 719 bison in the Jackson herd, over 4,000 in Yellowstone. 1,000 bison were counted in the Teton winter range in 2007, 840 in the winter range 2012. Yellowstone 2009 late winter estimate of 96-98 wolves, 3,000 bison, 6,000+ elk. August 2012 saw a Yellowstone bison estimation of 4,230 including 600 calves born that year.)
Parts of Yellowstone can be a bit more crowded than Grand Teton. A NPS photo of a crowd dispersing at Old Faithful:
Don't be one of the people who puts their fingers in the boiling pools in Yellowstone
to see if the water really is that hot.
Every year people are badly burned when they fall into thermal features in Yellowstone. Most of this is due to not staying on the boardwalks, or playing/running on the board walks. A park news release said: "Yellowstone park visitors are reminded that for their own safety it is important to stay on boardwalks and designated trails while viewing all thermal features in the park. Scalding water underlies thin, breakable crusts; many geyser eruptions are unpredictable, and many thermal features are near or above boiling temperatures. Boardwalks and trails help protect park visitors and prevent damage to delicate formations."
read details at:
fatal, near fatal or close call incidents/accidents in camping, backpacking, climbing and mountaineering
Please don't be tempted to swim in hot springs. Thermal waters can harbor organisms that can cause fatal meningitis or Legionnaire's.
Backpacking will not be an official part of this trip, but you could get a permit for a backpack adventure if you plan ahead
and bring appropriate gear. A few details about permits, etc. are at Grand Tetons backpacking.
Tempted to climb a peak or two? Mountain climbing is not an official part of the trip, but here are a couple of links:
Commercial Climbing Guides
Exum Mountain Guides (307) 733-2297 http://www.exumguides.com/
Jackson Hole Mountain Guides (307) 733-4979 http://www.jhmg.com/
Even if you have no interest in climbing, check out the spectacular 360 degree view from the summit of the Middle Teton:
or from the summit of the Grand Teton:
Each of the local climbing guide companies will require that you do a lesson or two with them before any peak bagging to prove that you are capable. They also give advice, for example about the Grand Teton climb:
"Climbers should be in good physical condition before attempting this climb. We recommend scheduling some days of hiking in the Tetons to acclimate to the altitude. You may take the schools and make the climb on consecutive days, or even better, insert a day after the schools to rest and hydrate."
"Altitude: the high elevations in the Tetons have stopped otherwise fit people who didn’t take the time to acclimate. We strongly encourage our participants, especially those coming from sea level, to arrive a few days early in Jackson...To help one’s body adjust to the thinner and drier air, first of all HYDRATE. Exertion at altitude demands hydration. Drinking enough water markedly improves athletic performance and helps to prevent altitude mountain sickness. Before and during your climb, aim for 4-5 quarts of fluid a day...In the days before your Grand Teton ascent, assist the acclimation process by going to some higher elevations, above 9000 feet, and get some moderate exercise...Some people simply acclimatize more slowly; they often find that allotting a few extra days to acclimate is helpful for performance."
The advice above for climbs to 10,000 or even 13,000 plus feet also applies to our stay. We are mostly staying at 6,800 feet elevation. On hikes we can go much higher (up to 9,000 feet in Cascade Canyon). You will probably feel out of breath at first and may even get a headache and lose appetite. You can get more sunburned. Read At altitude for advice. It includes why your tent mate might seem to stop breathing.
The lower saddle, where you must pack out human waste,
could be your overnight stop before you get to the summit of the Grand.
is where you will rope up for the final part of the climb to the summit:
(You can spot part of Jackson, Leigh, Jenny, Bradley and Taggart lakes from the summit of the Grand.)
Art gallery tours
There are 35+ galleries in town that you can visit on your own or during our fall trips we can attend parts of the Jackson Hole Fall Arts Festival. Go to: http://www.jacksonholechamber.com/fall_arts_festival/
for details, including (September 5-15, 2013) historic ranch tours, cowboy jubilee concert, at least one galleries walk and the Taste of the Tetons sampling from valley chefs, restaurants and caterers, (and a juried art fair as well), in the town square as well as a Western Design Conference exhibition and sale of handcrafted works.
The galleries walk(s), has various studios offering not only displays but also demonstrations. The gallery walks are free and have much more to see (including oil and watercolor paintings, prints, glass vessels, outdoor sculptures, furniture, pottery, quilting, jewelry, rugs) than the local (fee) museum our group was disappointed with on the 2007 trip.
The Jackson Center for the Arts (dancer's workshops, recitals, theatre company, art exhibits, touring ballet/bands/choir/dancers/guitarists/pianists/blues/blues rock/funk/jazz/western swing/bluegrass/cowboy balladeer/hootennany/puppeteer) is at 265 S Cache, 2 blocks south of the town square. http://www.jhcenterforthearts.org/
a 360 degree view of the theater interior is at:
OffSquare Theatre Company (Wyoming's only year round professional theater company): http://www.offsquare.org
In Pinedale, Wyoming: http://www.museumofthemountainman.com/home.htm
In Jackson: http://www.jacksonholehistory.org
In Dubois: http://www.bighorn.org http://www.duboismuseum.org
Jackson Hole Rodeo http://www.jacksonholerodeo.us/index.htm Wednesday and Saturday nights, 8 p.m. May 30 to Sept. 8, 2012 at the Teton County fairground. $9 to $20, team roping, barrel racing, bullriding, calf roping, bareback riding, saddle bronc riding.
Old Bill's Fun Run (fundraiser for local charities, including the Red Cross, Fire/EMS, Grand Teton Park Foundation and the Murie Center) is held the second Saturday in September. http://www.cfjacksonhole.org/old-bills-fun-run/ People from our trip have volunteered at it for four years.
Jackson Hole, Wyoming has a description of the main streets and how to find the Albertson's, K Mart, Ace hardware, Teton County library, St John's Medical Center, skate park, city parks with sand volleyball and/or tennis courts, artificial climbing boulders and more.
Where will we stay overnight or camp?
Where people stay is up to each person. It can be difficult to coordinate timing of activities if we don't all stay in the same area, so we've all stayed at Colter Bay for at least part of the time on previous trips. Cabins and campsites are available at Colter Bay within walking distance of each other and walking distance to a restaurant, small store, the lakeshore, visitor center, art museum, laundromat/showers.
If you will be staying in a Colter Bay cabin, go directly to Colter Bay cabins, Grand Teton National Park for details about the cabins and the logistics of sharing one.
If you want to get a better room, or even a suite with fabulous view, fireplace, fridge, etc, read more at: Grand Tetons hotels, cabins, lodging.
For our fall trips, no reservations for campsites are needed unless you want a motorhome hookup site. We know the best campsites to ask for at Colter Bay.
At Colter Bay there is a picnic area with tables, firepits and restrooms at lakeside just down the road from the cabins and campground, hang a right at the Visitor Center parking lot.
Look for the black and white aerial photo at: Colter Bay, Grand Teton National Park to find the picnic area, cabins, Visitor Center, grocery, campground, etc.
Many years we get an overnight backcountry permit and kayak in to a remote lake. If you want to go on the kayak overnight you MUST read String Lake to Leigh Lake, Grand Teton National park
(If we can use the college trailer and it's not full, we can probably bring some camping gear for a few people along with the kayaks.
The club and/or the drivers will not be responsible for the safety of items we transport for you.)
Flora and Fauna
Fall trips (mid-September)
The first aspen will be turning yellow, enough for some great pictures, with other shrubs and trees turning yellow, gold, red or orange. The peak fall color will be later than when we are there, but most of us can't miss the first week of classes. (The amount and timing of fall colors depends on the weather. In 2009 there never really was much color.) Last of or the start of the crop of lots of kinds of ripe berries for birds and animals.
There will still be some wildflowers.
The Lady's thumb knotweed (an aquatic plant) will be blooming on the edges of some waterways giving the impression, in the early morning low angled light, of a pink mist floating on the water.
Probable sightings of bison, a shaggy, dark brown cow-like mammal, (10 to 12 foot long, 5-6 feet at the shoulder), (larger herds in Yellowstone: summer 2008 estimate of 3,000 in Yellowstone, summer 2009 3,300, winter 2009 2,900); elk (5 feet tall, 9 feet long), moose (7 feet tall, 9 feet long with 5 feet wide antlers, eat 40 pounds of plants a day).
photo below of a dining moose courtesy of http://rickkonrad.com/
We will mostly see moose wherever they find food. Your first moose sighting could be while hiking, out paddling, or even in a hotel parking lot (when these people got too close) or at a gas station:
In 1992 estimates had the moose population in excess of 3,500 but the total shrank to around 1,700 by 2003, due perhaps the poor nutrition and predation.
On warm days moose will seek relief from the heat, at least deeply shady moist spaces. They can't tolerate temperatures warmer than 55 to 60 degrees and head into the water to cool down when the temps reach 75 to 80 degrees.
If you have never seen elk or moose before, a size comparison is at
Rocky Mountain mammal size comparisons
Hawk migrations going through (with some Cooper's, Sharpshinned and Marsh Hawks as well as a few kestrels, merlins or peregrin falcons). Possible sightings of Canada geese "v"s by mid September, great blue herons, osprey (sometimes hover 30-100 feet above water before diving for a fish, then arranges the fish with it's head pointed forward to reduce resistance while flying),
trumpeter swans (8' wingspan; mate for life), American white pelicans (their huge yellow beak and throat pouch distinguish them from swans), peregrine falcons (dive at up to 200 mph and strike prey in mid-air), Bald Eagles, deer, beavers and muskrats.
When the Bald Eagle was taken off the Endangered Species List on June 28, 2007, there were 12 nests in Grand Teton, 18 on private land in Teton County, six in Bridger-Teton National Forest and one in Bureau of Land Management territory. Most were close to the Snake River.
We saw 4 to 7 northern river otters while out kayaking in 2002, 2003, 2004 and 2009. One source says they are able to stay underwater for up to eight minutes, another says 2-3 minutes while swimming at 6 miles per hour. Fast humans who can do a 100 meter freestyle in 1 minute are swimming at 3 miles per hour.
From a distance it can be hard to tell which small animal you see swimming. But each swims differently. River otters undulate through the water. When a beaver swims, only his head shows above the water, nt his tail; muskrats show both their head and part of their back.
We might see coyotes and will probably hear them if we are out in the morning or evening. On the 2006 trip we heard wolves early one morning. Coyotes sing in more of a yip, wolves have the deeper howl.
Hear a wolf howl at http://www.nature.nps.gov/naturalsounds/
Gray wolves were re-introduced into Yellowstone Park in 1995/6 and spread. In 1997 the first wolves were spotted in Grand Teton. In 1999 the first litter of wolf pups in Grand Teton in over 70 years was born.
A total of eight wolf packs were believed to have used parts of the Teton Valley in 2006. In 2007 four wolf packs had territories that overlapped parts of Grand Teton Park. (Estimates) The Buffalo pack (9 adults, 6 pups) and Huckleberry pack (7 adults, 2 pups) denned in the park. The Teton pack had 3 adults and 5 pups, the Pacific Creek pack had 9 adults and 4 pups. Yellowstone estimated 171 in 2007, 124 in 2008, and 96 to 98 in 2009. In 2008 Grand Teton had 6 packs with 45-50 wolves.
In 2010 five packs likely denned in the Jackson Hole area, including Phantom Springs (9) and Pacific Creek (12-14) packs in northern Grand Teton National Park and Buffalo (14), Antelope (4) and Pinnacle Peaks (4). A park resource page listed a minimum of 59 wolves in 6 packs in the Jackson Hole area and also listed the further south Phantom Springs pack (9).
A 2011 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Wyoming annual report had more details about Yellowstone packs, but listed 38 known wolf packs in Wyoming with 230 wolves and had a map/listings as of December 2011 with Snake River (7), Huckleberry (6), Pacific Creek (12), Phantom Springs (13), Lower Gros Ventre (3) packs within Grand Teton park.
A 2012 newpaper report quoted Grand Teton park as saying there were "six packs made up of about 50 wolves."
You don't need to be afraid if you are lucky enough to hear wolves howling or see wolves. In Rocky Mountain Natural History, by Daniel Mathews, we read: "wolves don't hurt people. I'm not saying never ever not even once, but it's so rare, we could have fun listing housepets and house hold objects that pose more danger. Um, pit bulls, bobby pins..."
In areas where wolves dominate instead of coyotes, Pronghorn (antelope) fawns are three times more likely to survive, because the wolves favor larger prey.
Pronghorn (can run 30 mph for 15 miles with spurts up to 70 mph, from the Smithsonian "communicate with each other visually by
raising the mane on the back of the neck into a stiff brush and
erecting the white hairs on their rump") haven't been seen on our trips as often as moose or elk.
A 2013 newspaper article said there were about 18 mountain lions and an equal number of cubs in the Jackson area.
Bears may start digging their winter dens that they will occupy from November +/- (females with cubs earlier than males) until (males) March or (females) April, but they will still be foraging for food to put on their needed fat layer to make it through the over half-year winter. From the Smithsonian "Grizzly bears are omnivorous, consuming everything
from mosses, fungi, herbs, grasses, fruits, berries, small vertebrates,
insects, birds, and fish—especially salmon during their spawning
run." They will be trying to eat 20,000 calories a day; picture yourself eating 35 Big Macs.
Grizzlies are seen more frequently in the Tetons than in previous years, and not just up in the high mountains, but occasionally down in the flatlands where we camp or cabin overnight and do most of our sightseeing and kayaking. The odds are will not see any, but you must read your safety in grizzly bear territory. One trip member saw a mom and three young grizzlies on the 2007 trip. Two of us watched a sow for quite awhile on the 2010 trip.
From a 2007 Grand Teton National Park press release:
"Despite the fact that visitors to neighboring Yellowstone National Park have typically had many opportunities to see grizzly bears, the visible presence of grizzlies in Grand Teton National Park has not been as common until recently. Researchers have increasingly radio-collared and tracked grizzly bears in the park since the 1990s. Although some local residents, and park visitors believe there are few if any grizzlies in Jackson Hole, current research indicates that grizzlies can be found anywhere in Grand Teton." In 2007 there were 571 grizzlies (estimate) in the greater Grand Teton / Yellowstone area, about 10 to 15% collared.
In 2010 there were 602 grizzlies (estimate) in the greater Grand Teton / Yellowstone area. A 2012 park video said there are usually around 100 black bears and 70 grizzlies in the park.
"In May 2006, a ten-year-old female grizzly bear emerged from her winter den somewhere in the Bridger-Teton Wilderness with three newborn cubs in tow. This bear family living in the heart of Grand Teton National Park has become a highlight attraction for park visitors and local residents alike. Glimpses of the young family bring out cameras, smiles, and exclamations of delight. The female and her offspring serve as one of the most visible examples of grizzly bear recovery efforts that have been underway for several decades throughout the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. These bears are also a vivid reminder of the need for park managers, staff, and visitors to be continually vigilant in ensuring conservation of these grizzlies and other park wildlife..."
Elk bugling, a low bellow/grunt followed by a higher-note-than-the-first-soprano-faculty-advisor-can-reach whistle that carries a long distance, will be at its peak. (The high notes waver around a G three octaves above middle C, and down to a grunt resembling the G an octave and a half below middle C.)
The largest bulls bugle to amass harems of up to 60 cows and the younger ones try to. (From the Smithsonian: Elk "herds can
include 200 or more animals. Males and females usually congregate
in separate herds until the breeding season, in late September or early
October. Then adult males use a variety of ostentatious behaviors to
distinguish themselves and compete for access to reproducing
females. They use their elaborate six-tined antlers, which may
measure nearly 2 m in length along the main shaft, to clash with one
another, they call loudly, and they spray urine." The Yellowstone Park website said "Bulls bugle to announce their availability and fitness to cows and challenge other bulls. When answered, bulls move towards one another and sometimes engage in battle for access to the cows. They crash their antlers together, push each other intensely, and wrestle for dominance. While loud and extremely strenuous, fights rarely cause serious injury. The weaker bull ultimately gives up and wanders off."
In A Field Guide to Mammal Tracks, Olaus Murie described an elk bugle, or as he called it "Wapiti music: ... It rises with a glide to a high-pitched silvery note, then glides down again, to end in some guttural grunts."
In his memoir Teewinot: Climbing and Contemplating the Teton Range, Jack Turner, Exum guide and corporate president writes: “The sound the bull elk makes during the rut is, everyone agrees, difficult to describe. The word bugling leaves too much to the imagination, but attempts to be more specific usually end up being humorous. The early English hunters were particularly eloquent and fanciful. Sir Price said: ‘It is a decided whistle, not unlike a soft note on a clarinet, ending with a very mild sort of grunt at the finish--a most difficult sound to describe, but one which I am happy to say we became very familiar with before the hunt was over. It is the most gentle musical sound that emanates from any animal I ever met with.’
“Not to be outdone, Baillie Grohman said: ‘It is very hard to imitate, or describe. It is neither a whistle or a bellow. Not unlike some tones produced by an Aeolian harp, it might also be compared to the higher notes produced by the flageolet, and of course it is entirely different from the red deer’s call.’
“Olaus Murie’s description in The Elk of North America is, in the best tradition of American pragmatism, more prosaic, but it rings true: ‘The call begins on a low note, glides upward until it reaches high, clear, buglelike notes, which are prolonged, then drops quickly to a grunt, followed by a series of grunts. The call may be very roughly represented thus: A-a-a-a-ai-e-eeeeeeeee-eough! e-uh! e uh!’”
Please note it is against park regulations to imitate an elk bugle or wolf/coyote howl or use any artificial or natural audio attractants to attract or disturb wildlife.
Elk graze near the streets of Mammoth and the Albright Visitor Center in Yellowstone. An Oct. 2007 report said that ten cars in Yellowstone had been gored that fall by rutting bull elk who "are prone to take their frustration and hormones out on anything that stands in the way of their cows." Another report said a bull elk charged a big yellow dump truck. A ranger who works in the fall at keeping people away from the elk said "We try to create as safe of an environment as we can, but we can't make the park risk free. But every time you get off your sofa, you have an elevated risk."
photos below of bison, moose and elk courtesy of NPS
To see elk in the spring, summer or fall, don't head for the National Elk Refuge, at the edge of the town of Jackson. You may have seen pictures of 10,000 plus (one year the estimate was 17,000) animals who are only fed there in the winter from around December to March. (2007-8 winter had roughly 8,000 elk at the refuge of a total of 12,370 in the Jackson elk herd.)
For your safety while wildlife viewing, enjoy viewing them from your car, or a safe distance away (25 yards at least for most wildlife, and 100 yards for bears, moose, elk, bison and wolves).
How far away is 100 yards? Picture the length of a football field without the end zones.
25 yards? picture four car lengths or six kayak lengths.
You will really want your own binoculars.
and a telephoto lens for your camera.
(The club has a few pairs of waterproof binoculars, but not enough for everyone on a trip with large attendance.)
Flora and Fauna
Summer trips (late June)
See the description for fall above, with these notes:
The trees and shrubs will be leafed out in their new bright green or dark green. Mid June is the fullest flush of wildflower bloom. June is birthing time for many animals.
Most of the migrating birds will have moved back into the park and will be building nests, sitting on eggs or hatching eggs. (some nesting started as early as March.) As we remind people on our ocean kayak trips, keep the noise down. Any unnecessary expenditure of energy can harm a feeding or nesting bird or animal. Nesting birds may fly away from the nest exposing unprotected eggs and hatchlings to the sun's heat or predators.
There will be some kinds of baby ducks and they really do swim behind mom in a line and even try to climb up on her back for a ride. The adult Canada Geese we saw flying in "V"s in fall will still be molting and will be flightless.
The large hoofed mammals, such as elk, deer, moose, bison and pronghorns, give birth in June and by early July will be letting their babies out of hiding a little more, but they will still be very protective and dangerous. These mammals will have shed their heavy winter coats.
By early August most of the bird nesting activity is over. By mid August the Unita ground squirrels go back into their winter burrows for hibernation.
What kind of weather should we plan for?
We usually have some sunny days warm enough to swim in the lakes. It will probably rain part of the trip and we could even a have a light dusting of snow. In 2007 we had a couple of huge thunderstorms. It can be cold at night. Grand Tetons Weather has the details.
During a thunderstorm, don't take a shower or use a sink, including washing dishes. Don't talk on a land line phone. Don't use your I pod. Please read Thunderstorm and lightning safety
GEAR TO BRING:
You'll need warm weather gear, including your swim suit, and cold weather gear, especially for early morning paddling and any overnight camping.
Grand Tetons trip equipment has details and advice based on previous trips.
You will really want your own binoculars.
Since different people will have different budgets: drive or fly; some may camp, some may get a hotel room / suite, (most usually get a cheap cabin), the trip cost will vary.
Think you can't afford this trip? Think again, and read Grand Tetons trip cost, it has examples of
The cheap trip,
The not-so cheap trip,
The slightly more costly trip, but less driving time,
also known as the I-can't-get-much-time-off-work trip,
and The expensive trip.
photo by Wendy Sato
photos below by Quang-Tuan Luong/terragalleria.com, all rights reserved.
More details, info:
Grand Tetons trip transportation has flight info, driving distances and guesses at gas cost, previous trip examples, AND trip notes with where to find some mega-cheaper gas stations and ways to keep from driving the slow route through towns we need to go through by not taking the obvious freeway exit.
St John's Medical Center (24 hour) is at 625 E. Broadway at Redmond in Jackson. (733-3636)
In an emergency in the park, call 911 as usual. But your cell phone would get to park dispatch faster if you dial 1 (307) 739-3301 (2012).
In a not quite emergency, there is a medical clinic on the grounds of Jackson Lake Lodge,(307) 543-2514, (open 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. May to early October), which is closer to places in the park. To find it, look for the black and white aerial photo at: Jackson Lake Lodge vicinity.
Grand Tetons September 2004 has pictures from that trip, including two bull moose head-to-head.
Grand Teton and Yellowstone National Park photos
The Jackson Hole Chamber of Commerce site is at:
Another big site of info is at:
and yet another is at:
Be careful when you request info from these as some require that you give them your email address and they will give it out to lots of their advertisers.
The Jackson Hole News and Guide (newspaper site) is:
We found Wyoming public radio with the usual Morning Edition, All Things Considered, BBC Newshour, Fresh Air and late evening classical music or jazz at 90.3 (Jackson) and 91.3 (Dubois).
Park Service maps of Grand Tetons are at:
Black and white aerial photo/maps are at:
Colter Bay, Grand Teton National Park
Jackson Lake Lodge vicinity
Signal Mountain, Wyoming
Teewinot, the park newspaper, is at:
The park publications page is at:
especially check out the flowering times of flowers and shrubs at
Geology of Grand Teton National Park, Wyoming, U.S.A, at:
has a geologic map and cross-section of the rocks of Grand Teton, and discussions of the geologic structure and glaciation.
NPS Teton geology lesson:
photos below used with permission from Ron Niebrugge: http://www.wildnatureimages.com/
My page of: Grand Tetons recommended reading
includes links to on-line bird and mammal field guides and The Journals of Lewis and Clark
Clark: "...bison were so numerous and loud that the men had difficulty sleeping."
Worth reading: the wildife section at: http://www.nps.gov/yell/planyourvisit/resourceandissues.htm
A live shot of Old Faithful geyser (in Yellowstone) is at: http://www.nps.gov/yell/oldfaithfulcam.htm
Old Faithfull erupts on an average of every 79 minutes, with a huge jet of hot water up to 204 ° F and up to 180 feet high.
A map of Grand Teton and Yellowstone webcams with links is at:
The trip is open only to De Anza students/staff. Answers to most questions about how the club works are at: Outdoor Club Basic Info The main rules common to most of our trips, including who is eligible to go, are at: Outdoor Club trip rules.
For details about club events and on how to find us to pay for a membership, sign up for events or volunteer, go to:
Outdoor Club Coming Attractions
We can expect sunny days and rain, or possibly even a little overnight snow. Interesting weather does not cancel club events. Club activity areas, and all park restrooms or other buildings are non-smoking. Even though there is smoking allowed in Wyoming restaurants, all National Park restaurants, etc. are non-smoking. No alcohol or drug use is allowed during club activities. This is not just a rule written to make the College happy, it is a trip rule.
The trip will only be an official club event while we are kayaking (or canoeing), and possibly a hike or some other sightseeing or a group meal at a restaurant.
How you get to Grand Teton National Park, where you stay overnight, most meals, most sightseeing, any bike riding, whitewater rafting or horseback riding, going to a movie in town, etc. will not be official club business.
The faculty advisor must be along for all kayak/canoe use, and all safety recommendations by the advisor, park and De Anza
rules must be followed.
Only currently enrolled De Anza students can go on club events. People who want to go on an event between quarters must be enrolled in the following quarter. For example, to go on a late summer trip you need to be already enrolled in Fall quarter. Faculty are subject to various rules depending on whether they are full time, ten month, part time, on sabbatical or Article 19 and should contact the club advisor well in advance of an event they want to participate in.
Grand Tetons trip pages index has brief descriptions of most of the pages about this trip.
Grand Teton and Yellowstone National Park photos
Photo below by Fred Hanselmann http://www.hanselmannphotography.com/Pictures_of_the_tetons.html)