Outlining ExamplesThe Speech Outline
A full sentence outline is used when writing speeches in order to assist the speaker in framing the main ideas of the speech into complete sentences.
The following is the information about each of the parts of a full sentence outline written in correct outline format.
The Thesis Statement is one, complete, declarative sentence that epitomizes the entire speech, and indicates what main ideas will be covered in the speech. (The Thesis Statement is not necessarily spoken in the speech presentation, but is used to help prepare for the speech.)
The speech outline should always include an INTRODUCTION. The
Introduction, written out in full prose style, should do three things: 1) get
the audiences attention, 2) tell the audience how the speech may be
relevant to them, and 3) preview, specifically, what main points will be
covered in the speech.
Attention may be acheived by presenting the audience with an interesting,
relevant story, a startling statistic, a rhetorical question, or other ways that
get your audience to perk up and feel interested in what you are going to
say. Telling the audience how the topic may be relevant to them means
finding something in your topic that promises your audience that they may
benefit in some way by listening to your presentation, or indicates that the
topic does or should concern them. Previewing, specifically, your main
points provides your audience with a framework of what to expect; a map
that allows them to follow your speech more easily. Oftentimes, stating the
Thesis Statement at this point serves this objective well.
BODY (the Body of the Outline consists of the Main Points [main ideas],
Sub-points [supporting information, such as concrete examples],
Sub-sub-points [more detailed supporting information, perhaps concrete
examples or elaborations on concrete examples, and etc.] )
I. The Main Points must be stated in complete, declarative sentences.
A. Full declarative sentences help clarify your main ideas
B. Only one sentence per Main Point
C. Do not use questions, words, phrases in stating Main Points
II. The Main Points must be supported by Sub-points
A. Main points develop, support, or explain the Thesis Statement
B. Sub-points develop, support, explain, and clarify the Main
C. Sub-sub-points develop, support, explain, and clarify the
D. Sub-points, sub-sub-points, etc. do not need to be stated in
complete sentences (in this class - may be different with other
instructors - check with them)
III. Outline symbols must be consistent with specific rules.
A. Use Roman Numerals for Main Points
B. Use Upper Case Letters for Sub-points
C. Use Arabic Numbers for sub-sub-points
D. Use Lower Case Letters for sub-sub-sub-points
E. The common form is shown in the following example
IV. In the body of the outline, you should provide an adequate
number of developmental or support materials.
A. There are several ways to develop or support material
1. Statistics, figures, or numbers
2. Quotations from testimony, interviews, articles, etc.
3. Examples from real life, or hypothetical examples
4. Analogies for comparison
B. All sources used for supporting material must be cited
in the body of the outline, and cited orally in your speech presentation.
1. In the outline, a brief reference to the source will suffice
2. In the speech, the author, publication, or other identification
of the source must be clearly stated, along with the date of
3. Publications may include books, magazines, newpapers,
television shows, pamphlets, radio programs, etc.
A Full Sentence Outline needs a conclusion, written out in full
prose style. The conclusion should do three things: 1) summarize,
2) provide closure, and 3) have a clincher.
Summarize means that the Main Points of the speech should be
repeated to remind the audience of the main ideas of the speech.
Provide closure means the audience should be reminded of how
the subject may be relevant to them, often reminding them of
what was said in the introduction. Have a clincher means that
there should be a final statement, a last sentence, that clearly
indicates that the speech is finished.
Every speech that uses references or sources must list those
in a bibliography.
Sources include books, articles, etc. that were cited in the
speech and outline
The bibliography will often include your own annotation for
Bibliography (in this class) may use APA Style (examples
elsewhere in the workbook) or MLA Style